Category Archives: Education in Focus, Autumn 2013

How to Educate America

U.S. News and World Report #1 ranked university, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, U.S.A.
U.S. News and World Report #1 ranked university, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, U.S.A.

Will the U.S. remain competitive in higher education?

by Dinesh Sharma.

There is a tectonic shift taking place in higher education. Driven by technology, greater access, and global competition, higher education cannot remain the purview of the few, from Chicago to Shanghai and Srinagar. How long can the U.S. retain its pre-eminent status as the global leader in higher education — with smaller budgets, skyrocketing costs, and high drop-out rates — while emerging economies thirsty for knowledge are ‘chasing the American dream’ and building their own capabilities?

Former Provost of Columbia University Jonathan Cole, in his book The Great American University, makes a compelling case that the American University system — a complex network of publicly and privately funded teaching, research, and innovation centers that evolved with the rise of what Henry Luce called the “American Century” — is a national resource that must be preserved in an era of global competition.

For almost 65 days from May through July 2013, students from New York City universities occupied the tiny park outside The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art’s Foundation Building, where the college president’s office is located. They were protesting the change in the no-tuition policy that has been in place at the historic college since 1859; they were carrying banners that echoed something of a bygone era: “Free Education To All.” Due to dire financial circumstance, the president of this landmark institution has decided to reverse the tradition; the board of trustees has voted to levy a tuition starting in 2014. The battle between the students and administrators is far from over as they have agreed to form a working committee to explore alternatives.

The events at Cooper Union are emblematic in some ways of what is happening in the rest of the country. The latest economic downturn has shown the need for long term investment in public institutions. American universities have been a model of innovation throughout the world, creating a rich supply of ideas and resources for the emergent global world. The complex economic, social, scientific, technological, and medical problems we face can be headed off only by …

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University Rankings

Top 15 Universities in the World as ranked by U.S. News & World Report, 2012:

Rank School Country Overall
Score
Academic
Reputation
Score
Employer
Reputation
Score
Faculty-
Student
Ratio Score
International
Faculty Score
International
Students Score
Citations
per Faculty
Score
#1 Massachusetts
Institute of
Technology
U.S.A. 100 100 100 99.9 86.4 96.5 99.3
#2 University of
Cambridge
U.K. 99.8 100 100 98.3 98.2 96 97
#3 Harvard
University
U.S.A. 99.2 100 100 98.6 90 78.4 100
#4 University College
London
U.K. 98.7 99.6 95.6 98.4 96.3 99.9 94
#5 University of
Oxford
U.K. 98.6 100 100 100 98 95.8 89.4
#6 Imperial College
London
U.K. 98.3 99.8 100 99.8 99.8 99.6 87.3
#7 Yale University U.S.A. 97.5 100 100 100 92.7 63.9 93.3
#8 University of
Chicago
U.S.A. 96.3 99.9 96 95.6 68.9 77.8 96.4
#9 Princeton
University
U.S.A. 95.4 100 88.5 90.7 85.5 63.5 99.8
#10 California Institute
of Technology
U.S.A. 95.1 99 51.3 100 96 91.1 100
#11 Columbia
University
U.S.A. 94.7 99.9 100 97.2 16.2 84.9 96.3
#12 University of
Pennsylvania
U.S.A. 94.5 98.5 96.2 99.6 55.7 66.8 92.4
#13 Swiss Federal
Institute of Technology
Switz. 92.8 99.3 94 67 100 98.7 97.2
#14 Cornell
University
U.S.A. 92.1 99.7 96.4 73.9 74.3 67.4 98.8
#15 Stanford
University
U.S.A. 91.7 100 100 72.4 41.9 83.5 100

Top 15 Arts and Humanities Universities in the QS World University Rankings, 2013:

Rank Score School Country
#1 99.1 University of Oxford U.K.
#2 93.5 University of Cambridge U.K.
#3 89.7 Harvard University U.S.A.
#4 89.0 Yale University U.S.A.
#5 87.2 University of California, Berkeley U.S.A.
#6 86.8 Stanford University U.S.A.
#7 86.5 Princton University U.S.A.
#8 85.6 University College London U.K.
#9 84.3 Columbia University U.S.A.
#10 84.1 New York University U.S.A.
#11 84.0 University of California, Los Angeles U.S.A.
#12 83.7 University of Chicago U.S.A.
#13 82.0 University of Edinburgh U.K.
#14 80.6 King’s College London U.K.
#15 80.3 University of Toronto Canada

Top 15 Engineering and Technology Universities in the QS World University Rankings, 2013:

Rank Score School Country
#1 96.3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology U.S.A.
#2 93.3 Stanford University U.S.A.
#3 90.5 University of Cambridge U.K.
#4 90.2 University of California, Berkeley U.S.A.
#5 89.5 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Switzerland
#6 88.3 Imperial College London U.K.
#7 87.2 National University of Singapore Singapore
#8 86.4 Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne Switzerland
#9 86.1 University of Oxford U.K.
#10 85.8 California Institute of Technology U.S.A.
#11 85.7 Harvard University U.S.A.
#12 84.6 Tsinghua University China
#13 84.2 Georgia Institute of Technology U.S.A.
#14 83.3 Nanyang Technological University Singapore
#15 83.1 Delft University of Technology Netherlands

Top 15 Life Sciences and Medicine Universities in the QS World University Rankings, 2013:

Rank Score School Country
#1 98.2 Harvard University U.S.A.
#2 92.3 University of Oxford U.K.
#3 91.8 University of Cambridge U.K.
#4 91.6 Johns Hopkins University U.S.A.
#5 91.2 Stanford University U.S.A.
#6 90.9 Massachusetts Institute of Technology U.S.A.
#7 89.9 University of California, San Francisco U.S.A.
#8 89.0 University of California, Los Angeles U.S.A.
#9 88.6 Yale University U.S.A.
#10 88.0 Karolinska Institute Sweden
#11 87.9 University of California, San Diego U.S.A.
#12 86.5 Duke University U.S.A.
#13 85.6 University of California, Berkeley U.S.A.
#14 85.5 Imperial College London U.K.
#14 85.5 University of Washington U.S.A.

Top 15 Natural Science Universities in the QS World University Rankings, 2013:

Rank Score School Country
#1 97.0 University of Cambridge
#2 96.3 Massachuetts Institute of Technology U.S.A.
#3 93.4 University of California, Berkeley U.S.A.
#4 92.5 Stanford University U.S.A.
#5 92.3 Harvard University U.S.A.
#6 91.9 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Switzerland
#7 91.4 California Institute of Technology U.S.A.
#8 90.4 University of Oxford U.K.
#9 89.4 Imperial College London U.K.
#10 89.2 Princeton University U.S.A.
#11 86.5 National University of Singapore Singapore
#11 86.5 University of California, Los Angeles U.S.A.
#13 86.0 Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne Switzerland
#14 85.7 Cornell University U.S.A.
#15 85.0 Technische Universitat Munchen Germany

Top 15 Social Sciences and Management Universities in the QS World University Rankings, 2013:

Rank Score School Country
#1 96.3 Harvard University U.S.A.
#2 95.2 London School of Economics U.K.
#3 94.2 University of Oxford U.K.
#4 91.2 University of Cambridge U.K.
#5 89.2 Stanford University U.S.A.
#6 87.7 Columbia University U.S.A.
#7 87.4 Massachusetts Institute of Technology U.S.A.
#7 87.4 Yale University U.S.A.
#9 87.3 National University of Singapore Singapore
#9 87.3 University of California, Berkeley U.S.A.
#11 86.3 University of Chicago U.S.A.
#12 85.2 London Business School U.K.
#13 84.5 Pinceton University U.S.A.
#14 84.2 New York University U.S.A.
#15 83.8 University of Pennsylvania U.S.A.