China is the world’s largest contributor to annual growth in the demand for ecological resources and services and has been for the last five years for which data is available, according to Global Footprint Network, a leading expert in natural resource accounting.
While the ecological footprints of many countries declined during the recession, including the United States and Germany, the ecological footprints of China and India, the world’s two most populous countries, continued to rise and now comprise about one quarter of the ecological footprint of the entire world.
Still, the ecological footprints per person of both China and India remain far lower than that of many high-income countries. For example, the ecological footprint per person of the United States is more than seven times higher than that of India and nearly three times that of China.
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