Rockets’ red glare, bombs bursting in air, steal thunder of global climate protests overshadowing U.N. Climate Summit.
By John J. Berger.
With the dramatic launch of the American-led air war in Syria, the escalation of Middle Eastern hostilities against ISIS is all but certain to upstage the U.N. Climate Summit in New York City in September.
Given Congress, the public, and the media’s notoriously short attention spans, the videos of exploding tanks, burning buildings, and fleeing refugees are already starting to efface images of the historic People’s Climate March in New York and the Wall Street protests that followed on Monday.
Thanks to the minimal attention paid by network TV to the march by more than 400,000 people—far larger than organizers originally expected and the largest climate demonstration in world history—it will be all too easy for these events to slip from ordinary Americans’ awareness again, until the next climate disaster.
This is unfortunate because in the long run, the fate of the climate is far more important to the world even than the desperately needed military campaign by the U.S. and a broad coalition of allies to eradicate the barbaric ISIS terrorists from Syria and Iraq.
But what of the less obvious significance of the thousands of climate demonstrations in more than 150 countries plus the national outpouring of support for the People’s Climate March? What does it portend for President Obama and mainstream party politicians? And what can we expect from September’s long-awaited U.N. Climate Summit in New York?
Clearly a global grassroots climate change movement has finally come of age and is beginning to flex its muscles on the world stage. The concerted protests were designed to send the Obama administration and world leaders a powerful message ahead of the UN Climate Summit.
At the meeting, the heads of state of some 120 countries will yet again discuss possible solutions to the ever-worsening global climate crisis. Not a negotiating session, the General Assembly meeting is a warm-up to the much-heralded global climate negotiations scheduled for Paris in December 2015.
By mounting the largest coordinated climate demonstration in world history in the wake of National Climate Week, the worldwide grassroots protest movement is finally demanding meaningful action on the epochal global climate crisis. The Obama Administration has been explicitly asking for public pressure on the issue for many months.
Previous global climate negotiations have all failed to set mandatory carbon emission cuts even as global emissions have climbed inexorably. The international community has thus had to accept voluntary commitments since the failed 2009 U.N. Climate Action Conference in Copenhagen. The U.S.’s failure to embrace mandatory international reductions in greenhouse gases has made us part of the problem rather than the solution.
Voluntary greenhouse gas reduction pledges made at subsequent U.N. Climate Action Conferences in Cancun, Durban, and Doha, however, have been declared inadequate by the parties themselves to prevent an unacceptable rise in global temperature of 2˚C or more.
Frustrated now with decades of ineffectual international negotiating under the auspices of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change, the climate marchers and their millions of supporters are finally calling for an end to further procrastination now that global concentrations of greenhouse gases have soared to levels unknown on the planet for 5 million years.
The climate demonstrators are likewise making their frustration clear over Congress’s failure to adopt a national cap-and-trade or carbon fee system or a national renewable energy requirement. President Obama’s energy and climate policies, too, are in their crosshairs.
While laudably advancing energy conservation and renewable energy, the Obama administration has gone full speed ahead with fossil fuel development as part of the President’s self-described ‘all of the above’ energy policy.
The powerful groundswell of support for the extraordinary international Climate March is a clear indication that millions of Americans are finally fed up both with the Congressional stalemate over climate legislation and with the Federal government’s fundamentally ineffectual, contradictory climate policies.
They see the President piously jaw-boning about the need for action to protect the climate while his administration is busily throwing millions of acres of public lands open to oil, gas and coal producers even as the State Department promotes fracking abroad, as if fracking were a solution to climate change and not a part of the problem.
We will one day come to regret brashly disseminating this harmful technology just as we should rue the post-World War II Federal program that spread nuclear power technology around the world in the name of commercializing nuclear reactors, only to multiply the risks of nuclear weapons proliferation, much to our consternation today.
While the President has repeatedly called the nation’s attention to the need for climate protection, his administration has simultaneously protected its right flank politically against assault from the powerful fossil fuel lobby by wholeheartedly supported the fossil fuel industry’s drilling and fracking agenda, whether on Federal land or in the Gulf of Mexico and the Arctic.
It is not clear, however, how the administration’s efforts to dramatically increase U.S. fossil fuel production can be reconciled with its statements on the urgency of protecting the climate. Maximizing oil and gas and coal production is wholly inconsistent with climate protection, as is export of fossil fuels so that others can burn it. But under the Obama administration, the U.S. has become the world’s largest producer of natural gas and the largest producer of oil and gas in the world.
President Obama did not make climate change a major priority in his first term, but in his second he did put forward a Climate Action Plan in 2013 and sought to address the climate with initiatives on energy efficiency, renewable energy, restrictions on power plant emissions, and an emphasis on the need to adapt to a changing climate.
Earlier this year, his administration with some fanfare released its Third National Climate Assessment, which underscores the gravity of climate change impacts and prospects in the U.S. The President took to the airwaves to publicize and defend these findings. But the administration has dragged its feet on international climate negotiations since 2009. The nation deserves more ambitious, not to mention consistent, leadership from its President. His greenhouse gas reduction targets, for example—17 percent lower emissions in 2020 than 2005—are far less ambitious than the European Union’s and its member states’ goals.
The new Climate Assessment makes clear that even at the level of current global warming—less than 1˚C—the impacts are already costly, dangerous, and growing worse. Climate and weather disasters cost the U.S. some $100 billion in 2012, and the frequency and intensity of drought, floods, and wildfires have all increased. The West Antarctic Ice Sheet has already begun collapsing, which will eventually raise sea level by 4 – 12 feet, inundating major U.S. cities and coastal cities around the globe where millions now live.
Nonetheless, global climate negotiations are aimed at keeping the world’s fever to 2˚C, which international negotiators are treating as a global climate safety limit, and the Obama administration appears to be publicly acquiescing in this travesty. In my new book, Climate Peril, I show that 2˚C is demonstrably unsafe. “It would be about two and a half times the warming that the Earth has already experienced since pre-industrial times. Rather than a safety limit, it is a nebulous transition zone between highly dangerous and extremely dangerous climate change.”
In Climate Peril, I also explain how unlikely it is for us to keep the Earth from exceeding a rise of 2˚C given current emissions trends and the excess heat already stored in the ocean, which will ultimately drive the Earth’s temperature up by at least 1˚C, and possibly more.
Climate change is already a planetary crisis that, if unchecked, will undermine our health, our economy, our environment, and our food supplies. Now that people are beginning to go into the streets to express their outrage at inaction about it, perhaps politicians will catch on. Even if oblivious to the gathering climate emergency, they cannot long remain indifferent to constituents willing to vote them out of office for condoning climate science denial and the do-nothing climate policies it was crafted to foster.
Hopefully the emergence of an empowered citizens’ climate protection movement will hasten the achievement of an effective, enforceable global climate agreement and tough U.S. climate protection legislation.
Dr. Berger (www.johnjberger.com) is an energy and environmental policy specialist who has produced ten books on climate, energy, and natural resource topics. He has worked for the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences in the U.S. and many Fortune 500 corporations. He is the author of Climate Peril: The Intelligent Reader’s Guide to the Climate Crisis, and Climate Myths: The Campaign Against Climate Science.
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